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July 20, 2021

Episode 60: Did We Get Church Planting Movements Wrong?

Have we slandered those who use Church Planting Movement methodologies? In this episode, we discuss the feedback we've gotten on our current series. Why are some of our listeners telling us that our description of multiplying movements is accurate, while others are telling us we've attacked a straw man? Listen to find out.

July 7, 2021

Episode 59: The History of Church Planting Movements (Part 2)

What do Andy Stanley, Rick Warren, and Church Planting Movements have in common? While the "attractional" model of ministry might seem like the polar opposite of Church Planting Movements, a close look at their history tells a very different story. In this episode, we trace the theological roots of Multiplying Movements through the 20th century.
June 10, 2021

Episode 58: The History of Church Planting Movements (Part 1)

Where do Church Planting Movements and Disciple Movement paradigms originate? While these terms may be new, many of the ideas behind them aren't. In this episode, we trace the theological roots of Multiplying Movements back to the advocates of revivalism in the 19th century.


Books mentioned: Conversion, by Michael Lawrence: https://www.9marks.org/books/conversion/

Missions, by Andy Johnson: https://9marks.myshopify.com/collections/building-healthy-churches-series/products/missions



May 24, 2021

Episode 57: What are Church Planting Movements?

The first episode in our series on Multiplying Movements. Commonly known as Church Planting Movements or Disciple Making Movements, these missiological paradigms have become the standard in evangelical missions. But are they wise? In this episode, we define these strategies, and do our best to save our critiques for a future episode.

April 14, 2021

Episode 56: What is Christian Nationalism?

What is Christian Nationalism? Is it synonymous with Patriotism, or something more nefarious? Let Sean and Russell walk you through this hazy concept and its implications for the church.

April 7, 2021

Episode 55: Our Critique of Critical Race Theory (Part 2)

In this week's episode, Russell and Sean offer their final critique of Critical Race Theory. What would you like to see them cover next? Leave your comments and suggestions below.

February 17, 2021

Episode 54: Our Critique of Critical Race Theory (Part 1)

In this episode, we try to get at the heart of Critical Race Theory. Is all racial disparity the result of racial discrimination, or is there a better explanation? Here's the first half of our two hour long episode where we try to answer that question.

January 27, 2021

Episode 53: History of Critical Race Theory

In order to rightly understand an idea, one must know the history of its conception and subsequent development. In this week’s episode of Defend and Confirm, Russell takes the reins and walks us through the history of Critical Race Theory. Buckle up, it’s going to be a wild ride!

January 13, 2021

Episode 52: What is Critical Race Theory?

Unless you live under a rock, you've heard of Critical Race Theory.
Yet it can be hard to find clear, thorough explanations of what CRT
actually teaches. In this episode, we try to do just that. We cover
the basic tenets of CRT and discuss how these tenets fit together.

January 5, 2021

Episode 51: Critical Race Theory: Hear Our Hearts

Why are we talking about Critical Race Theory? We begin this mini-series on CRT by checking our own hearts. No one's heart is completely pure, but we hope that after watching this episode, you can trust our motives, even if you disagree with our conclusions.